|Caspar Bowden is an independent advocate for information privacy rights, and public understanding of privacy research in computer science. He is a specialist in EU data protection, European and US surveillance law, PET research, identity management and information ethics. He is the author of the 2013 EU Parliament inquiry briefing on the US FISA law, and co-authored the 2012 note on privacy and cloud computing (which anticipated the infringements to EU data sovereignty disclosed by Edward Snowden). For nine years he was the chief privacy adviser for Microsoft for forty countries, and previously co-founded and served as first director of the Foundation for Information Policy Research. He was an expert adviser for UK parliamentary legislation, and co-organized six public conferences on encryption, data retention and interception policy.