| Ahmed Shaheed is a visiting lecturer at the University of Essex and at the City University of New York. He served as Foreign Minister of the Republic of Maldives from 2005 to 2007 and from 2008 to 2010, during which he led the country’s efforts to sign and ratify all nine international human rights conventions; to implement them in law and practice; and to improving the country’s compliance with its UN Treaty Body reporting obligations. Dr. Shaheed also opened the Permanent Mission of the Maldives in Geneva in 2006 to engage with the United Nations Human Rights Council; established a non-governmental human rights organisation in the Maldives to contribute civil society’s work to advance respect for human rights in the country; and later worked as a member of the Presidential Commission to Investigate Corruption and as a foreign policy advisor to the President of the Maldives. On 17 June 2011, the President of the UN Human Rights Council appointed Dr. Shaheed, as the Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in the Islamic Republic of Iran. Dr. Shaheed commenced his duties officially on 1 August 2011. He has since submitted six reports to the United General Assembly and the Human Rights Council on the human rights situation in the country.